Inflation occurs when the costs of goods and services experience a sustained increase. Keep in mind that most things go up in price over time, whether there’s an increase in demand or a currency’s value. Simply put, an item you paid for 10 years ago is going to cost you more today due to inflation.
As the US government issues more bonds and prints more money, inflation happens. As a result, businesses begin to raise the cost of their products or services. However, this can also occur if too much money chases only a small number of goods and services; this is called supply and demand. As demand goes up and supply doesn’t, prices will rise.